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2017年银行春季招聘考试全真模拟题(一)

2017-02-28 10:25 银行招聘考试 http://www.wh-ztkj.com/yinhang/ 作者:华图教育 来源:华图教育

【导读】hg002.tv为广大考生收集整理了2017银行春招考试全真模拟题,希望对大家有所帮助。

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考试说明:

1、考试时间90分钟。考试内容为英语、基础知识和综合能力。

2、请在题本规定位置填写姓名和准考证号。

3、考试结束考生不能将题本带出考场。

第一部分 英语(本部分50道题;答题时间30分钟,本部分全部为单选题)

一、选词填空

1.Stopmakingsomuchnoise____theneighborwillstartcomplaining.

A.orelse

B.butstill

C.andthen

D.sothat

2.Wehopetogotothebeachtomorrow,butwewon'tgo____it'sraining.

A.if

B.when

C.though

D.because

3.——Theweatheristoocold____Marchthisyear.——Itwasstill____whenIcamehereyearsago.

A.for;colder

B.in;cold

C.in;hot

D.for;hotter

4.——Howmuchvinegardidyouputinthesoup?——I'msorrytosay,____.Iforget.

A.No

B.noone

C.nothing

D.none

5.Heisonlytooreadytohelpothers,seldom,____,refusingthemwhentheyturntohim.

A.ifnever

B.ifever

C.ifnot

D.ifany

6.——WhatshouldIweartoattendhisweddingparty?——Dress____youlike.

A.what

B.however

C.whatever

D.how

7.——Theresearchonthenewbirdfluvirusvaccineischallenginganddemanding.Whodoyouthinkcandothejob?

——____mystudentshaveatry?

A.Shall

B.Must

C.Will

D.May

8.I'dliketolivesomewhere____thesunshinesallyearlong.

A.which

B.that

C.where

D.inwhich

9.I____togoforawalk,butsomeonecalledandIcouldn'tgetaway.

A.wasplanning

B.planned

C.hadplanned

D.wouldplan

10.——Yourbook,Tommy?

——No,Mom,it'smyfriend's.

——Remembertoreturnitto____nameisonit.

A.what

B.which

C.whose

D.whosever

11.Thankyouforsendingus____freshvegetablesofmanykinds.Youhavedoneus____agreatservice.

A.不填;a

B.the;a

C.不填;不填

D.the;不填

12.Nowthatwe____allthemoney,it'snouseturningonmeandsayingit'sallmyfault.

A.hadlost

B.lost

C.havelost

D.lose

13.Wehadareallybadtimeaboutsixmonthsagobutnowthingsare____.

A.lookingup

B.comingup

C.makingup

D.turningup

14.——Whendiditbegintosnow?——Itstarted____thenight.

A.during

B.by

C.from

D.at

15.Youngasheis,Davidhasgained____richexperiencein____society.

A.the;the

B.a;不填

C.不填;不填

D.不填;the

16.____fromendlesshomeworkonweekends,thestudentsnowfindtheirownactivities,suchastakingaridetogethertowatchthesunwise.

A.Freed

B.Freeing

C.Tofree

D.havingfreed

17.——Soyoumissedthemeeting.

——____.Igottherefiveminutesbeforeitfinished.

A.Notatall

B.Notexactly

C.Notespecially

D.Notreally

18.——DoyoumindifIsmoke?

——____

A.Whynot?

B.Yes,helpyourself

C.Goahead

D.Yes,butyou'dbetternot

19.——Wemustthankyoufortakingthetroubletocookusameal.——____.

A.Withpleasure

B.Itdoesn'tmatter

C.Itwasnotroubleatall

D.Byallmeans

20.____thetemperaturemightdrop,coalwaspreparedforwarming.

A.Toconsider

B.Considered

C.Considering

D.Tobeconsidered

二、阅读理解

Reading Comprehension

Directions:

Read the following three texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers.

Passage 1

Questions 21 to 25are based on the following passage.

The rise of the Internet has been one of the most transformative developments in human history,comparable in impact to the invention of the printing press and the telegraph.Over two billion people worldwide now have access to vastly more information than ever before,and can communicate with each other instantly,often using Web-connected mobile devices they carry everywhere.But the Internet's tremendous impact has only just begun.

"Mass adoption of the Internet is driving one of the most exciting social,cultural,and political transformations in history,and unlike earlier periods of change,this time the effects are fully global,"

Schmidt and Cohen write in their new book,The New Digital Age.

Perhaps the most profound changes will come when the five billion people worldwide who currently lack Internet access get online.The authors do an excellent job of examining the implications of the Internet revolution for individuals,governments,and institutions like the news media.But ff the book has one major shortcoming,it's that the authors don't spend enough time applying a critical eye to the role of Internet businesses in these sweeping changes.

In their book,the authors provide the most authoritative volume to date that describes--and more importantly predicts--how the Internet will shape our lives in the coming decades.They paint a picture of a world in which individuals,companies,institutions,and governments must deal with two realities,one physical,and one virtual.

At the core of the book is the idea that"technology is neutral,but people aren't."By using this concept as a starting point,the authors aim to move beyond the now familiar optimist vs.pessimist dichotomy(对立观点)that has characterized many recent debates about whether the rise of the Internet will ultimately be good or bad for society.In an interview with TIME earlier this week,Cohen said although he and his co-author are optimistic about many aspects of the Internet,they're also realistic about the risks and dangers that lie ahead when the next five billion people come online,particularly with respect to personal privacy and state surveillance(监视).

21.In what way is the rise of the Internet similar to the invention of the printing press and the telegraph?( )

A.It transforms human history.

B.It facilitates daily communication.

C.It is adopted by all humanity.

D.It revolutionizes people's thinking.

22.How do Schmidt and Cohen describe the effects of the Internet?( )

A.They are immeasurable.

B.They are worldwide.

C.They are unpredictable.

D.They are contaminating.

23.In what respect is the book The New Digital Age considered inadequate?( )

A.It fails to recognize the impact of the Internet technology.

B.It fails to look into the social implications of the Internet.

C.It lacks an objective evaluation of the role of Internet businesses.

D.It does not address the technical aspects of Internet communication.

24.What will the future be like when everybody gets online?( )

A.People will be living in two different realities.

B.People will have equal access to information.

C.People don't have to travel to see the world.

D.People don't have to communicate face to face.

25.What does the passage say about the authors of The New Digital Age?( )

A.They leave many questions unanswered concerning the Internet.

B.They are optimistic about the future of the Internet revolution.

C.They have explored the unknown territories of the virtual world.

D.They don't take sides in analyzing the effects of the Internet.

Passage two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

Energy independence.It has a nice ring to it, doesn't it? If you think so, you're not alone, because energy independence has been the dream of American presidents for decades, and never more so than in the past few years, when the most recent oil price shock has been partly responsible for kicking off the great recession.

“Energy independence” and its rhetorical(修辞的) companion “energy security', are, however, slippery concepts that are rarely thought through.What is it we want independence from, exactly?

Most people would probably say that they want to be independent from imported oil.But there are reasons that we buy all that off from elsewhere.

The first reason is that we need it to keep our economy running.Yes, there is a trickle (涓涓细流)of biofuel (生物燃料) available, and more may become available, but most biofueis cause economic waste and environmental destruction.

Second, Americans have basically decided that they don't really want to produce all their Own oil.They value the environmental quality they preserve, over their off imports from abroad.Vast areas of the United States are off-limits to off exploration and production in the name of environmental protection.To what extent are Americans really willing to endure the environmental impacts of domestic energy production in order to cut back imports?

Third, there are benefits to trade.It allows for economic efficiency, and when we buy things from places that have lower production costs than we do, we benefit.And although you don't read about this much, the United States is also a large exporter of off products, selling about 2 million barrels of petroleum products per day to about 90 countries.

There is no question that the United States imports a great deal of energy and, in fact, relies on that steady flow to maintain its economy.When that flow is interrupted, we feel the pain in short supplies and higher prices.At the same time, we derive massive economic benefits when we buy the most affordable energy on the world market and when we engage in energy trade around the world.

26.What does the author say about energy independence for America?( )

A.It sounds very attractive.

B.It ensures national security.

C.It will bring oil prices down.

D.It has long been everyone's dream.

27.What does the author think of biofuels?( )

A.They keep America's economy running healthily.

B.They prove to be a good alternative to petroleum.

C.They do not provide a sustainable energy supply.

D.They cause serious damage to the environment

28.Why does America rely heavily on off imports?( )

A.It wants to expand its storage of crude oil.

B.Its own oil reserves are quickly running out.

C.It wants to keep its own environment intact.

D.Its own oil production falls short of demand.

29.What does the author say about oil trade?( )

A.It proves profitable to both sides.

B.It improves economic efficiency.

C.It makes for economic prosperity.

D.It saves the cost of oil exploration.

30.What is the author's purpose in writing the passage?( )

A.To justify America's dependence on oil imports.

B.To arouse Americans' awareness of the energy crisis.

C.To stress the importance of energy conservation.

D.To explain the increase of international oil trade.

Passage 3

Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

The question of whether our government should promote science and technology or the liberal arts in higher education isn't an either/or proposition (命题), although the current emphasis on preparing young Americans for STEM (science, technology, engineering, maths) -related fields can make it seem that way.

The latest congressional report acknowledges the critical importance of technical training, but also asserts that the study of the humanities (人文科学) and social sciences must remain central components of America's educational system at all levels.Both areas are critical to producing citizens who can participate effectively in our democratic society, become innovative (创新的) leaders, and benefit from the spiritual enrichment that the reflection on the great ideas of mankind over time provides.

Parents and students who have invested heavily in higher education worry about graduates' job prospects as technological advances and changes in domestic and global markets transform professions in ways that reduce wages and cut jobs.Under these circumstances, it's natural to look for what may appear to be the most“practical” way out of the problem:“Major in a subject designed to get you a job” seems the obvious answer to some, though this ignores the fact that many disciplines in the humanities characterized as“soft” often, in fact, lead to employment and success in the long run.Indeed, according to surveys, employers have expressed a preference for students who have received a broadly-based education that has taught them to write well, think critically, research creatively, and communicate easily.

Moreover, students should be prepared not just for their first job, but for their 4th and 5th jobs, as there's little reason to doubt that people entering the workforce today will be called upon to play many different roles over the course of their careers.The ones who will do the best in this new environment will be those whose educations have prepared them to be flexible.The ability to draw upon every available tool and .insight--picked up from science, arts, and technology--to solve the problems of the future, and take advantage of the opportunities that present themselves, will be helpful to them and the United States.

31.What does the latest congressional report suggest?( )

A.STEM-related subjects help students find jobs in the information society.

B.The humanities and STEM subjects should be given equal importance.

C.The liberal arts in higher education help enrich students' spiritual life.

D.Higher education should be adjusted to the practical needs of society.

32.What is the main concern of students when they choose a major?( )

A.Their interest in relevant subjects.

B.The academic value of the courses.

C.The quality of education to receive.

D.Their chances of getting a good job.

33.What does the author say about the so-called soft subjects?( )

A.They benefit students in their future life.

B.They broaden students' range of interests.

C.They improve students' communication skills.

D.They are essential to students' healthy growth.

34.What kind of job applicants do employers look for?( )

A.Those who have a strong sense of responsibility.

B.Those who are good at solving practical problems.

C.Those who are likely to become innovative leaders.

D.Those who have received a well-rounded education.

35.What advice does the author give to college students?( )

A.Seize opportunities to tap their potential.

B.Try to take a variety of practical courses.

C.Prepare themselves for different job .options.

D.Adopt a flexible approach to solving problems.

Passage 4

Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

Hospitals, hoping to curb medical error, have invested heavily to put computers, smartphones and other devices into the hands of medical staff for instant access to patient data, drug information and case studies.

But like many cures, this solution has come with an unintended side effect: doctors and nurses can be focused on the screen and not the patient, even during moments of critical care. A poll showed that half of medical technicians had admitted texting during a procedure.

This phenomenon has set off an intensifying discussion at hospitals and medical schools about a problem perhaps best described as "distracted doctoring." In response, some hospitals have begun limiting the use of electronic devices in critical settings, while schools have started reminding medical students to focus on patients instead of devices.

"You justify carrying devices around the hospital to do medical records, but you can surf the Internet or do Facebook, and sometimes Facebook is more tempting," said Dr. Peter Papadakos at the University of Rochester Medical Center.

"My gut feeling (本能的感觉is lives are in danger," said Dr. Papadakos. "We're not educating people about the problem, and it's getting worse."

A survey of 439 medical technicians found that 55 percent of technicians who monitor bypass machines acknowledged that they had talked on cellphones during heart surgery. Half said they had texted while in surgery. The study concluded, "Such distractions have the potential to be disastrous."

Medical professionals have always faced interruptions from cellphones, and multitasking is simply a fact of life for many medical jobs. What has changed, say doctors, especially younger ones, is that they face increasing pressure to interact with their devices.

The pressure stems from a mantra (信条) of modem medicine that patient care must be "data driven," and informed by the latest, instantly accessible information. By many accounts, the technology has helped reduce medical error by providing instant access to patient data or prescription details.

Dr. Peter Carmel, president of the American Medical Association, said technology "offers great potential in health care." but he added that doctors' first priority should be with the patient.

36.Why do hospitals equip their staff with computers, smartphones and other devices?( )

A.To reduce medical error.

B.To cope with emergencies.

C.To facilitate administration.

D.To simplify medical procedures.

37.What does the author refer to by "distracted doctoring"?( )

A.The disservice done by modem devices to doctors, nurses, as well as patients.

B.The tendency of medical institutions encouraging the use of modem devices.

C.The problem of devices preventing doctors from focusing on their patients.

D.The phenomenon of medical staff attending to personal affairs while working.

38.What does Dr. Peter Papadakos worry about?( )

A.Medical students are not adequately trained to use modem technology.

B.Doctor's interaction with their devices may endanger patients' lives.

C.Doctors are relying too heavily on modem electronic technology.

D.Pressures on the medical profession may become overwhelming.

39.Why do doctors feel increasing pressure to use modem devices?( )

A.Patients trust doctors who use modern technology.

B.Use of modem devices adds to hospitals' revenues.

C.Data is given too much importance in patient care.

D.Patients' data has to be revised from time to time.

40.What is Peter Carmel's advice to doctors?( )

A.They follow closely the advances in medical science.

B.They focus their attention on the patient's condition.

C.They observe hospital rules and regulations.

D.They make the best use of modem devices.

Passage 5

Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage.

I have closely watched my generation, known as The Millennials, for 29 years now. Joel Stein wrote an extensive piece on Millennials and he remains rather optimistic about our potential.

I hesitate to share his optimism because of a paradox (矛盾的现象) we seem to exhibit, namely, that there are more avenues for us to entertain ourselves than ever before, yet we are more bored than ever before.

Entertainment has never been more varied. We have more cable channels, television shows, and movies than ever before. Intemet providers allow instant viewing of almost any movie or television program ever created. Social drinking and partying are also widely available for Millennials. Every generation develops these habits at a certain age, but Millennials seem to be extending this phase of life as they postpone marriage.

Some of this is undoubtedly due to The Great Recession. Millennials are having a difficult time finding jobs; only 47 percent of 16-to-24-year-olds are employed, the smallest share since government started recording data in 1948.

But do Millennials respond to these economic troubles by doing whatever it takes to make ends meet? Hardly. In fact, of the four generations Pew Research has data for, the Millennial generation does not cite work ethic (勤奋工作) as distinctive of itself. Millennials want to save the world, but they sit and wait for that world-changing opportunity to be handed to them. Instead of working 2-3 jobs,

launching a business, or doing what it takes to succeed, they retreat. Millennials may be the first generation to have a lower standard of living than their parents, but with this response to adversity (逆境), perhaps deservingly so.

Much ink has been spilled in management books discussing how to get the most out of these youths in the workplace. Largely, they come to the same conclusion: Millennials are entitled, over-confident, and expect too much too quickly. We should not be surprised. Today's young adults were raised by parents who made sure to boost their self-esteem at every turn, telling them they could achieve whatever they set their minds to, and handing out prizes for the sixth place.

41.What does the author of the passage think of Millennials?( )

A.They show little interest in entertainment.

B.They are not confident about their ability.

C.They enjoy an easy life due to high technology.

D.They may not have bright prospects for success.

42.How do Millennials feel about their life?( )

A.They can hardly do anything about it.

B.There is little in it to get excited about.

C.It is not as good as their parents'

D.It is full of opportunities for success.

43.In what way are Millennials different from previous generations according to Pew Research?( )

A.They spend less time socializing.

B.They are indifferent to others.

C.They do not value hard work.

D.They are more independent.

44.What should Millennials do according to the author?( )

A.Remain optimistic in face of adversity.

B.Start a business as early as possible.

C.Make full use of new opportunities.

D.Take action to change their situation.

45.Why are Millennials over-confident about themselves?( )

A.They have been spoiled by their parents.

B.They can always get whatever they expect.

C.They are misguided by management books.

D.They think they are young and energetic.

Passage 6

Questions 45 to 50 are based on the following passage.

Alex Pang's amusing new book The Distraction Addiction addresses those of us who feel panic without a cellphone or computer.And that,he claims,is pretty much all of us.When we're not online,where we spend four months annually,we're engaged in the stressful work of trying to get online.

The Distraction Addiction is not framed as a self-help book.It's a thoughtful examination of the dangers of our computing overdose and a historical overview of how technological advances change consciousness.A"professional futurist",Pang urges an approach which he calls"contemplative(沉思的)computing."He asks that you pay full attention to"how your mind and body interact with computers and how your attention and creativity are influenced by technology."

Pang's first job is to free you from the common misconception that doing two things at once allows you to get more done.What is commonly called multitasking is,in fact,switch-tasking,and its harmful effects on productivity are well documented.Pang doesn't advocate returning to a Internet world.Instead,he asks you to"take a more ecological(生态的)view of your relationships with technologies and

look for ways devices or media may be making specific tasks easier or faster but at the same time making your work and life harder."

The Distraction Addiction is particularly fascinating on how technologies have changed certain fields of labor-often for the worse.For architects,computer-aided design has become essential but in some ways has cheapened the design process.As one architect puts it,"Architecture is first and foremost about thinking..,and drawing is a more productive way of thinking"than computer-aided design.

Somewhat less amusing are Pang's solutions for kicking the Internet habit.He recommends the usual behavior-modification approaches,familiar to anyone who has completed a not smoking program.Keep logs to study your online profile and decide what you can knock out,download a program like Freedom that locks you out of your browser,or take a"digital Sabbath(安息日)":"Unless you're a reporter or

emergency-department doctor,you'll discover that your world doesn't fall apart when you go offline."

46.Alex Pang's new book is aimed for readers who( )

A.find their work online too stressful

B.go online mainly for entertainment

C.are fearful about using the cellphone or computer

D.can hardly tear themselves away from the Internet

47.What does Alex Pang try to do in his new book?( )

A.Offer advice on how to use the Internet effectively.

B.Warn people of the possible dangers of Internet use.

C.Predict the trend of future technological development.

D.Examine the influence of technology on the human mind.

48.What is the common view on multitasking?( )

A.It enables people to work more effectively.

B.It is in a way quite similar to switch-tasking.

C.It makes people's work and life even harder.

D.It distracts people's attention from useful work.

49.What does the author think of computer-aided design?( )

A.It considerably cuts down the cost of building design.

B.It somewhat restrains architects' productive thinking.

C.It is indispensable in architects 'work process.

D.It can free architects from laborious drawing.

50.What is Alex Pang's recommendation for Internet users?( )

A.They use the Internet as little as possible.

B.They keep a record of their computer use time.

C.They exercise self-control over their time online.

D.They entertain themselves online on off-days only.

第二部分 基础知识(本部分51道题,答题时间30分钟,本部分全部为单选题)

1.2016年11月习近平主持召开中央全面深化改革领导小组第二十九次会议并发表重要讲话。他强调,要全面贯彻党的十八届六中全会精神,牢固树立( )、( )、( )、( ),坚定不移抓好各项重大改革举措,既抓重要领域、重要任务、重要试点,又抓关键主体、关键环节、关键节点,以重点带动全局,把各项改革任务落到实处。

A.创新意识、经济意识、环境意识、服务意识

B.政治意识、大局意识、核心意识、看齐意识

C.创新意识、大局意识、环境意识、看齐意识

D.政治意识、经济意识、核心意识、服务意识

2.中国物流与采购联合会、国家统计局服务业调查中心2016年11月发布,10月份中国制造业采购经理指数(PMI)为51.2%,较上月上升0.8个百分点,自2014年10月份以来首次回升到( )以上。主要分项指数普遍回升,高于去年同期1个百分点以上。综合来看,PMI回升特点明显,回升幅度较大,回升覆盖面较广,显示当前经济走势稳中有升。

A.31%

B.41%

C.51%

D.61%

3.由中国国家旅游局、中国民用航空局和上海市人民政府共同主办的2016中国国际旅游交易会日前在上海新国际博览中心开幕,中国已连续4年成为世界第( )大出境旅游消费国,对全球旅游收入贡献平均超过13%。

A.一

B.二

C.三

D.四

4.中国于2016年首次获得国际高性能计算应用领域最高奖—( )。

A.菲尔兹奖

B.戈登贝尔奖

C.劳伦斯奖

D.格莱美奖

5.2016年( )是第二十七个联合国儿童权利日。日前,联合国《儿童权利公约》27周年纪念暨《儿童公益组织行为准则指南》倡导活动在京举行。该活动是由国际救助儿童会、北京市社会组织发展服务中心、北京市协作者社会工作发展中心和北京博源拓智儿童公益发展中心联合开展。

A. 11月17日

B. 11月18日

C. 11月19日

D. 11月20日

6.2016年12月6日,我国首艘自主设计建造的客箱船( )号在山东威海顺利下水。

A.“箱海鲸”

B.“海蓝鲸”

C.“大航海”

D.“威海鲸”

7.中国( )资产管理股份有限公司于2016年12月11日在北京正式挂牌成立,成为我国四大金融资产管理公司(信达、华融、长城、东方)股份制改革的收官之作。

A.信达

B.华容

C.长城

D.东方

8.我国自主研制的在线交易处理性能最强的单机服务器系统—浪潮天梭M13,正式上市,使我国成为全球第( )个掌握最高端主机核心技术的国家。

A.一

B.二

C.三

D.四

9.国务院同意( )省开展国家标准化综合改革试点工作,使其成为全国唯一获批的省份。目前,全省拥有节能地方标准54项,服务业地方标准53项,农业地方标准373项。国际有3个标准技术委员会、全国有46个标准技术委员会落户该省。下一步,该省要加快标准化领域改革,加快新旧动能转换,提高产品和服务质量,提高政府效能。

A.浙江省

B.福建省

C.江苏省

D.河南省

10.2016年12月17日,在( )召开的《生物多样性公约》第十三次缔约方大会落下帷幕。在这次大会上,中国成功获得2020年《生物多样性公约》第十五次缔约方大会主办权,这将是中国首次承办这一会议。

A.美国的华盛顿

B.巴西的里约热内卢

C.智利的圣地亚哥

D.墨西哥的坎昆

11.2017年1月1日,第三次全国农业普查入户调查登记工作拉开大幕,这是继( )年和( )年两次全国农业普查之后,我国又一次为摸清全国“三农”家底的大普查。

A.1995,2005

B.1996,2006

C.1997,2007

D.1998,2008

12.2017年厦门国际马拉松赛1月2日鸣枪,迎来15岁生日,埃塞俄比亚选手包揽了男子和女子项目的前三名。据赛事组委会介绍,本届厦门马拉松赛首次升级为“全马”赛事,采用( )的方式,来自31个国家和地区的3万名跑者最终获得参赛资格。赛事特邀来自肯尼亚、埃塞俄比亚等6个国家的优秀运动员,共计27人。

A.“先抽签、后登记”

B.“先抽签、后报名”

C.“预报名、后抽签”

D.“预登记、后抽签”

13.2016年11月3日20时43分,我国最大推力新一代运载火箭( ),在中国文昌航天发射场点火升空,约30分钟后,载荷组合体与火箭成功分离,进入预定轨道,运载火箭首次发射任务取得圆满成功。此次发射成功,标志着我国运载火箭实现升级换代,运载能力进入国际先进行列,是由航天大国迈向航天强国的关键一步。

A.长征三号

B.长征四号

C.长征五号

D.长征六号

14.2016年11月,针对社会关注的地方政府债务问题,财政部有关负责人作出回应。按国家统计局公布的GDP数据计算,我国政府债务负债率为( ),低于欧盟60%警戒线,也低于主要市场经济国家和新兴市场国家水平。预计到2016年末负债率不会出现大变化。

A. 18.9%

B. 28.9%

C. 38.9%

D. 48.9%

15.中共中央于2016年11月29日上午在人民大会堂举行座谈会,纪念( )同志诞辰130周年。中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平发表重要讲话强调,实现中华民族伟大复兴,是老一辈革命家和千千万万革命先辈毕生奋斗追求的目标。全党全军全国各族人民要更加紧密地团结在党中央周围,同心同德,锐意进取,顽强奋斗,继续把革命前辈开创的伟大事业推向前进,为创造更加灿烂辉煌的明天而努力奋斗。

A.邓小平

B.毛泽东

C.周恩来

D.朱德

16.在金属货币制度下,货币的( )可以自发地调节流通中的货币量。

A.价值尺度职能

B.流通手段职能

C.支付手段职能

D.贮藏手段职能

17.名义利率、通货膨胀率、实际利率三者之间的关系正确的是( )。

A.实际利率=名义利率-通货膨胀率

B.名义利率>实际利率>通货膨胀率

C.实际利率>通货膨胀率>名义利率

D.名义利率>通货膨胀率>实际利率

18.下列关于金融市场分类错误的是( )。

A.按照交易的阶段划分可以分为发行市场和流通市场

B.按照交易活动是否在固定场所进行可以分为场内市场和场外市场

C.按照金融工具的具体类型划分可分为债券市场、股票市场、外汇市场、保险市场等

D.按照金融工具上所约定的期限长短划分可以分为现货市场和期货市场

19.买入债券后持有一段时间,又在债券到期前将其出售而得到的收益率为( )。

A.直接收益率

B.持有期收益率

C.到期收益率

D.赎回收益率

20.某银行以900元的价格购入5年期的票面额为1000元的债券,票面收益率为10%,银行持有3年的到期偿还,那么购买的债券持有期收益率为( )

A.3.3%

B.14.81%

C.3.7%

D.10%

21.以下关于我国金融资产管理公司,说法不正确的是( )。

A.设立时以最大限度保全资产、减少损失为主要经营目标

B.我国四家金融资产管理公司组织形式上的发展方向是实行股份制改造

C.我国四家金融资产管理公司业务上的发展方向是实行完全的政策性经营

D.1999年我国成立的四家金融资产管理公司分别是信达资产管理公司、长城资产管理公司、东方资产管理公司和华融资产管理公司

22.下列说法正确的是( )。

A.只要有足够注册资本就可以设立银行

B.我国商业银行可以从事信托投资和证券业务

C.银行不得向关系人发放信用贷款

D.商业银行资本充足率不得小于4%

23.在多年实践的基础上,西方商业银行为确保贷款的安全,总结了一套衡量借款人信用情况的标准,称为“6c原则”,下列选项中,不属于该原则的是( )

A.宏观经济状况

B.担保财产

C.主营类别

D.经营能力

24.一个国家在一定时期内,国际收支如果是顺差,则增加外汇储备,中央银行增加基础货币投资,货币供应量( )。

A.等额扩张

B.数倍扩张

C.等额收缩

D.数倍收缩

25.由金融机构的内部因素引起的操作风险属于( ) 。

A.操作性杠杆风险

B.执行风险

C.操作性失误风险

D.系统事件风险

26.下列关于市场约束和信息披露的说法,不正确的是( )。

A.银行的信息披露主要由资产负债表、利润表、现金流量表、报表附注、部分公司治理情况和部分风险管理情况所构成

B.信息披露是《巴塞尔新资本协议》提出的三大支柱之一

C.市场约束是《巴塞尔新资本协议》提出的三大支柱之一

D.市场约束机制发挥外部监督作用,推动银行业金融机构持续改进经营管理,提高经营效益,降低经营风险

27.已知某消费者的收入是100元,商品x的价格是10元,商品y的价格是3元。假定他打算购买7单位x和10单位y,这时x和y的边际效用分别是50和180如要获得最大效用,他应该( )。

A.停止购买

B.减少X的购买量,增加购买y商品

C.增加x的购买量,减少购买y商品

D.同时增加x和y的购买量

28.当经济处于流动性陷阱中时,( )。

A.财政政策无效,货币政策有效

B.财政政策有效,货币政策无效

C.财政政策和货币政策均有效

D.财政政策和货币政策均无效

29.某工人在工资率为每小时2美元的时候每周挣80美元,每小时3美元的时候每周挣105美元,由此可以断定( )。

A.收入效应起着主要作用

B.替代效应起着主要作用

C.收入效应和替代效应都没有发生作用

D.无法确定

30.下列说法错误的是( )。

A.守法就是履行法律义务

B.守法是法的实施的一种基本形式

C.与守法相对的就是违法

D.公民要守法,政府更要守法

31.关于乡镇人大代表的选举,下列说法正确的是( )。

A.代表选举实行差额原则

B.选区只能按居住状况划分

C.县人大常委会主持乡镇人大代表的选举

D.代表名额基数根据乡镇人口数确定

32.下列不属于行政法调整的社会关系是( )。

A.因镇政府不偿还农村信用社贷款而引起的社会关系

B.因消防部门作出火灾事故责任认定而引起的社会关系

C.因政府征收国有土地上的房屋而引起的社会关系

D.因行政机关招考公务员而引起的社会关系

33.以下对“人民法庭”的理解,正确的是( )。

A.各级人民法院可以根据需要设立人民法庭

B.人民法庭领导人民调解委员会的工作

C.人民法庭可以审理民事、刑事和行政案件

D.人民法庭是基层人民法院的派出机构

34.企业增资扩股时,投资者实际缴纳的出资额大于其按约定比例计算的其在注册资本中所占的份额部分,应作为( )。

A.资本公积

B.实收资本

C.盈余公积

D.营业外收入

35.年度结账日为公历年度每年的( )。

A.12月31日

B.6月13日

C.7月1日

D.1月1日

36.固定资产折旧方法很多,若某企业采用加速折旧法,说明其遵循的原则是( )。

A.配比原则

B.收付实现制

C.谨慎原则

D.反对性原则

37.下列属于流动资产的是( )。

A.商标

B.专利

C.存货

D.生产设备

38.根据权责发生制原则,某企业6月份发生的下列业务中,应作为本月收入或费用核算的是( )。

A.收到上月销货款50000元存入银行

B.预付下半年度财产保险费9000元

C.预付货款6000元存入银行

D.销售商品一批,价款200000元尚未收到

39.商业银行对其发放的贷款计提贷款风险准备金,这体现的会计信息质量要求是( )。

A.重要性

B.谨慎性

C.真实性

D.清晰性

40.下列哪位管理学者提出“管理就是决策”的主张( )。

A.赫伯特·A西蒙

B.彼得·F·德鲁克

C.弗雷德·E·费德勒

D.弗里蒙特·E·卡斯特

41.管理的核心是( )。

A.处理组织内部资源的稀缺问题

B.处理与组织外部的关系

C.处理各种人际关系

D.处理组织内部与组织外部的一致性关系

42.管理具有与生产关系、与社会制度相联系的一面,这里是指( )。

A.管理的自然属性

B.管理的社会属性

C.管理的科学性

D.管理的艺术性

43.管理者必须因地制宜地将管理知识与具体管理活动相结合,这里强调的是( )。

A.管理的科学性

B.管理的艺术性

C.管理学的历史性

D.管理学的实用性

44.“X—Y”理论的代表人物是( )。

A.麦格雷戈

B.赫兹伯格

C.梅奥

D.马斯洛

45.社会合作系统学派的代表人物是( )。

A.法约尔

B.西蒙

C.巴纳德

D.卢桑斯

46.1946 年2 月,世界上第一台计算机ENIAC由( )研制成功。

A.冯·诺依曼

B.莫契利和埃克特

C.维纳

D.图灵

47.半导体只读存储器(ROM)与半导体随机存储器(RAM)的主要区别在于

A.ROM可以永久保存信息,RAM在掉电后信息会消失

B.ROM掉电后,信息会消失,RAM不会

C.ROM是内存储器,RAM是外存储器

D.RAM是内存储器,ROM是外存储器

48.在因特网(Internet)中,电子公告板的缩写是( )。

A.ftp

B.WWW

C.BBS

D.E-mail

49.世界上第一个计算机网络是( )。

A.ARPANET

B.NSFNET

C.ANSNET

D.MILNET

50.Word 中显示有页号、节号、页数、总页数等信息的是( )。

A.常用工具栏

B.菜单

C.格式栏

D.状态栏

51.与十六进制数FF 等值的二进制数是()。

A.11111111

B.11111110

C.11101110

D.11011101

第三部分 综合能力(本部分53道题,答题时间30分钟,本部分全部为单选题)

1.他们讲究亭台轩榭的______。讲究假山池沼的______,讲究花草树森木的______,讲究近景远景的______,总之,一切都要为构成完美的图画而存在,决不容许有欠美伤美的败笔。

依次填入划横线部分最恰当的一项是( )。

A.映衬布局配合层次

B.配合布局层次映衬

C.层次布局映衬配合

D.布局配合映衬层次

2.2004年上半年,中国国家汉语战略浮出水面。这不仅被舆论视为对全球范围内日渐升温的“汉语热”的回应,更被理解为中国政府推进汉语言文化的主动性、系统性动作。被世界上最多数量的人口使用,但由于政治、文化原因而处于弱势地位的汉语,似乎正在谋求一次崛起。舆论对中国国家汉语战略的评价( )。

A.汉语正在世界范围内崛起

B.为“汉语热”推波助澜

C.能彻底改变汉语的弱势地位

D.能迅速有效地将汉语言文化推向全世界

3.先天的遗传因素和后天的环境影响对人的发展所起的作用到底哪个重要?双胞胎的研究对于回答这一问题有重要的作用。唯环境影响决定论者预言,如果把一对双胞胎婴儿完全分开抚养,同时把一对不相关的婴儿放在一起抚养,那么,待他们长大成人后,在性格等特征上,前两者之间绝不会比后两者之间有更多的类似。实际的统计数据并不支持这种极端的观点,但也不支持另一种极端观点,即唯遗传因素决定论。

从以上论述最能推出的结论是( )。

A.为了确定上述两种极端观点哪一个正确,还需要进一步的研究工作

B.虽然不能说环境影响对于人的发展起唯一决定作用,但实际上起最重要的作用

C.环境影响和遗传因素对人的发展都起着重要的作用

D.双胞胎研究是不能令人满意的,因为它得出了自相矛盾的结论

4.太阳热能发电,这是在不久的将来发展前景最光明的太阳能技术。这类系统将太阳的热汇集起来,产生500℃—8000℃的温度。热可以用于工业过程(如罐头制造与食品生产)、脱盐和水的净化。收集太阳光以提供热能的主要手段有三:中央接收器、抛物面反射盘、抛物反射槽。在中央接收器系统中,由分布在一片地上的反射镜将太阳光聚焦在中央塔的塔顶上一台集热器上。70年代,分析家曾认为这是最有发展前途的系统。但由于下列几个问题的存在,影响了它的发展:中央聚热器必须在高温下操作;需要能在白天极热和夜晚低温之间循环作业的材料,这种材料很昂贵。为了避免这些问题,一些公司正在恢复使用外燃机,其中有几家在试用“斯特林循环”外燃机。斯特林系统是迄今效率最好的太阳能发电方法。原因之一是发动机所产生的是交流电。这种受太阳能驱动的外燃机保留了光伏电池的许多优点:大小型装置效率都很好,易于安装,无污染。时下很受欢迎的另一种太阳能技术是行一聚焦器。在今后50年内,它很可能在太阳能市场上居主导地位。行一聚集器是呈抛物状的聚焦器,将太阳光聚在槽中央沿槽长方向配置的管子上。流体通过管过管子时被加热,变为蒸气或热液从管子的另一端出来。可用驱动涡轮机或其他机械。它设计简单,易于掌握,只需增减槽子的数量便能产生较大、较小的电量,在较低温度下也能运行。

本文中,收集太阳光提供热能的主要目的是()。

A.用于工业过程(如罐头制造与食品生产)、脱盐和水的净化

B.利用太阳光,开发新能源

C.太阳能发电

D.产生500℃—8000℃的温度

5.依次填入下列各句横线上的词语,最恰当的一组是( )。

①不说你无用,反来怨我,真是________,唯知饮食之徒。②我半生以来不作________,不取不义之财,有何罪过,要遭此报应呢?③她自恃年青漂亮,态度傲慢,________,目中无人,是一朵带刺的玫瑰。

A.饭囊衣架非分之想孤高自许

B.饭糗茹草非池中物孤芳自赏

C.饭囊衣架非分之想孤芳自赏

D.饭糗茹草非池中物孤高自许

6.转型期的社会,价值观出现多元化,从神圣转向世俗,从理性转向感性,“拒绝崇高、淡化价值”,有时候很有一些市场。这是低俗现象产生的根本原因。当下低俗之风的产生不是偶然的,在世俗的社会环境和感性的文化土壤里,不产生“三俗”倒是不可理解的。

作者说“不产生”三俗“倒是不可理解的”,意味着“三俗”( )。

A.不可避免

B.难以拒绝

C.可以接受

D.应该默许

7.①科学家已经分离出一种看起来能决定人体衰老速度的基因序列。这一发现首次将DNA与人类寿命联系起来。②这项研究有望为创建筛查程序铺平道路,可用于检验哪些人更容易衰老,并在年轻时更容易患心脏病或其他疾病。③尽管这项突破不太可能带来大幅延长人类寿命的药物,但也许有助于延长那些由于自身基因而更易早逝的病人的寿命。④这项研究显示出了时间性衰老和生物性衰老的区别,其中生物性衰老取决于人体基因组成和生活方式,比如饮食组成和是否吸烟;两个年龄相同的人,其生物年龄可能会有十多年差异。⑤由桑尼教授带领的研究小组发现,一段普通DNA序列与人体的生物性衰老有密切关系。对近三千人的研究显示,约有38%的人带有遗传性基因变体,与没有这一基因序列的人相比,他们的生物年龄要老三到四岁;占总数7%的人带有两个这种基本变体,他们的生物年龄比没有该变体的人要老六到七岁。⑥通常被认为是老年病的发病年龄有很大的跨度,正是这一点促使研究者展开了这项研究。⑦我们身体中的大部分细胞都含有叫作染色体的DNA分子链。染色体在其两端有保护帽,叫做端粒。细胞每次分裂时,端粒会缩短,就像鞋带两端的塑料会被磨损一样。当端粒变得非常短时,细胞就无法正常工作,会显现衰老的征兆。⑧通过对血液样本的分析,桑尼发现,这些人具有与其年龄不相称的过短染色体端粒。而一种特定的基本序列在这些人中更常见。这段DNA位于3号染色体,与基因TERC相邻。⑨基因TERC可以制造出一种酶,能在端粒缩短时对端粒进行修复。携带有一个或两个该基因序列的人,在母体子宫中发育时,制造出的这种酶(端粒酶)可能比较少。这意味着,这些人在出生时端粒就比较短,所以更容易衰老。⑩科学家不可能通过增加人体中的端粒酶的数量来逆转人体老化的过程。人出生后,体内的端粒酶几乎全处于被抑制状态,但在癌细胞中端粒酶被激活,所以癌细胞就会无限分裂下去而不会死亡。因此桑尼指出:“激活端粒酶也许可以让你不得心脏病,但如果不加控制地激活端粒酶,你也许会得癌症。

与文中提到影响人生物性衰老的因素无关的一项是( )。

A.是否抽烟

B.饮食组成

C.特定基因

D.母体子宫

8.下列各句中,意思明确,没有语病的一句是( )。

A.全世界至少有五万人每天死于由水污染引起的各种疾病

B.那个叫刘能的人不只是我不认识他,就连我奶奶也不认识他

C.能不能正视历史,是日本能成为安理会常任理事国的关键

D.据说,秦始皇每天批阅写在竹简和木片上的文字,有600公斤重

9.下列各句中,没有语病的一句是( )。

A.只有把想法付诸于行动,才能最大限度地达到我们的目标

B.雷锋精神当然要赋予它新的内涵,但谁又能否认现在就不需要学习雷锋了呢

C.这些软件如果单卖共要1000元,可合在一起才340元,价钱便宜了近三分之二

D.连日来,美英法等西方国家集结了令人威慑的军事力量,使非洲地区战云密布

10.甲乙双方第一次用30元/千克的价格购买了一批材料,到第二次再购买时,价格涨到了40元/千克。已知甲每次购买10000千克,乙每次用10000元购买。则甲乙双方这两次交易的平均价格差约为( )元/千克。

A.0.5

B.0.7

C.1.5

D.1.8

11.某个三位数的数值是其各位数字之和的23倍。这个三位数为( )。

A.702

B.306

C.207

D.203

12.将所有由1、2、3、4组成且没有重复数字的四位数,按从小到大的顺序排列,则排在第12位的四位数是( )。

A.3124

B.2341

C.2431

D.3142

13.某水池的容积是100立方米,它有甲、乙两个进水管和一个排水管,甲、乙两管单独注满水池分别需要10小时和15小时。水池中原来有些水,如果甲、乙两管同时进水而排水管放水,需要6小时将水池中的水放完,如果只开甲管进水而排水管放水,需要2小时将水池中的水放完。问水池中原来有水多少立方米?( )

A.0.2

B.0.5

C.5

D.20

14.某天办公桌上台历显示是一周前的日期,将台历的日期翻到当天,正好所翻页的日期加起来是168。那么当天是几号?( )

A.20

B.21

C.27

D.28

15.某单位要从8名职员中选派4人去总公司参加培训,其中甲和乙两人不能同时参加。问有多少种选派方法?( )

A.40

B.45

C.55

D.60

16.施工队要在一东西长600米的礼堂顶部沿东西方向安装一排吊灯,根据施工要求,必须在距西墙375米处安装一盏,并且各吊灯在东西墙之间均匀排列(墙角不能装灯)。该施工队至少需要安装多少盏吊灯?( )

A.6

B.7

C.8

D.9

17.科考队员在冰面上钻孔获取样本,测量不同孔心之间的距离,获得的部分数据分别为1米、3米、6米、12米、24米、48米。问科考队员至少钻了多少个孔?( )

A.4

B.5

C.6

D.7

18.把一个半径为3厘米的金属小球放到半径为5厘米且装有水的圆柱形烧杯中。如全部浸入后水未溢出,则水面比为放入小球之前上升多少厘米?( )

A.1.32

B.1.36

C.1.38

D.1.44

19.某市举办经济建设成就展,计划在六月上旬组织5个单位参观,其中一个单位由于人数较多,需要连续参观2天,其他4个单位只需要参观1天,若每天只能安排一个单位参观,则参观的时间安排有多少种?( )

A.630

B.700

C.15120

D.16800

20.某单位订阅了30份学习材料发放给3个部门,每个部门至少发放9份材料。问一共有多少种不同的发放方法?( )

A.12

B.10

C.9

D.7

21.某职工骑自行车上下班,上班路上每分钟骑行180米,下班路上每分钟骑行270米。则该职工往返骑行的平均速度是( )。

A.12.96公里/小时

B.14.4公里/小时

C.210米/分钟

D.230米/分钟

22.某生产车间有若干名工人,按每四个人一组分多一个人,按每五个人一组分也多一个,按每六个人一组分还是多一个,该车间至少有多少名工人?( )

A.31

B.41

C.61

D.122

23.某次抽奖活动在三个箱子中均放有红、黄、绿、蓝、紫、橙、白、黑8种颜色的球各一个,奖励规则如下:从三个箱子中分别摸出一个球,摸出的3个球均为红球的得一等奖,摸出的3个球中至少有一个绿球的得二等奖,摸出的3个球均为彩色球(黑、白除外)的得三等奖。问不中奖的概率是多少? ( )

A.在0—25%之间

B.在25—50%之间

C.在50—75%之间

D.在75—100%之间

24.从所给的四个选项中,选择最合适的一个填入问号处,使之呈现一定的规律性

25.从所给的四个选项中,选择最合适的一个填入问号处,使之呈现一定的规律性

26.从所给的四个选项中,选择最合适的一个填入问号处,使之呈现一定的规律性

27.大气污染物分为一次污染物和二次污染物。从污染源排放到大气后,直接污染空气称一次污染物,主要有二氧化硫、一氧化碳、氮氧化物、二氧化氮、颗粒物(飘尘、降尘、油烟等),氮气及含氧、氮、氯、硫有机化合物以及放射性物质等。二次污染物是由于阳光照射污染物、排入环境中的一次污染物在物理、化学因素或生物的作用下发生变化,或与环境中的其他物质发生反应所形成的物理、化学性状与一次污染物不同的新污染物。

根据上述定义,下列没有提及二次污染物的是( )

A.火山爆发喷出的二氧化硫与大气中的氧结合会形成硫酸雾或硫酸盐气溶胶,引起环境酸化,后者还会通过直接或间接辐射强迫作用影响气候变化

B.颗粒物质是漂浮在大气中的固体和液体微粒,颗粒物质能散射和吸收阳光,使可见度降低,影响交通,增加汽车与航空事故

C.工业生产排放出的氮氧化物和乙醛会发生光化学反应生成过氧乙酰硫酸酯,该物质强烈刺激眼睛,会引起呼吸困难、心功能障碍和肺功能衰竭等一系列症状

D.汽车发动机排放的污染物中的氮氧化物和碳氢化合物,经阳光照射,在大气中形成光化学烟雾,对人类呼吸系统产生极大危害

28.“第一时间”译自英语的“primetime”,它有两个意思,本义指“电台、电视台等受众最多的时间段”,相当于汉语的“黄金时间”;另一个引申义,指“最佳时间或最快并及时的时间”。

下列各项中“第一时间”的用法与上述定义不符合的是( )

A.学生们第一时间学会了基本的网络语

B.媒体通过网络第一时间报道会议进程

C.事件发生时,记者积极捕捉第一时间的独家新闻

D.危急时刻,政府主要负责人要第一时间到达现场

29.市场区隔是指不断地与某一群特定消费者进行对话,了解其特定需求,通过新产品或新服务或新的沟通形式,使消费者从认识到使用产品或服务并回馈相关信息,起作用在于巩固旧市场或发现新市场。

下列哪项最符合上述定义( )

A.公司员工条款规定凡内部工作人员购买本公司最新款产品,一律打8折

B.某大型外贸市场按照食品、服装、日用百货分成三大块消费区域

C.某时装品牌位于购物中心最显眼的位置,成为许多顾客驻足的第一站

D.某一线运动品牌不定时进行市场调研,更新产品,收到越来越多年轻人追捧

30.必要条件指的是两个句子之间的一种关系,如果由甲句子为假,可得出乙句子为假,那么就说甲句子是乙句子的必要条件。

根据上述定义,以下哪项中的前一个句子是后一个句子的必要条件( )

A.首饰柜台的营业员不是大学生,就是漂亮的女孩;首饰柜台的营业员是漂亮女孩

B.南京景色优美,气候宜人;南京气候宜人

C.观象台的仪器既有清代的,也有宋元的;观象台的仪器是唐代的

D.大学教师王菲菲既是博士,有有留学海外的经历;王菲菲可以被评聘为副教授

31.版权对于( )相当于 ( ) 对于 军衔

A.作品 军人

B.权利 上将

C.著作权 级别

D.智力 战争

32.歼击机 对于 ( ) 相当于 ( ) 对于 通信

A.军事 卫星

B.空战 手机

C.客机 探测

D.雷达 网络

33.潮汐:月球引力:太阳引力( )

A.地震:海啸:火山喷发

B.车祸:违章驾驶:醉驾

C.污染:人为活动:尾气排放

D.泥石流:暴雨:乱砍乱伐

34.第二次世界大战期间,海洋上航行的商船常常遭到轰炸机的袭击,许多商船都先后在船上架设了高射炮。但是,商船在海上摇晃得比较厉害,用高射炮射击天上的飞机是很难命中的。战争结束后,研究人员发现,从整个战争期间架设过高射炮的商船的统计资料看,击落敌机的命中率只有4%。因此,研究人员认为,商船上架设高射炮是得不偿失的。

以下哪个如果为真,最能削弱上述研究人员的结论( )

A.在战争期间,没有架设高射炮的商船,被击沉的比例高达25%,而架设了高射炮的商船,被击沉的比例只有不到10%

B.架设了高射炮的商船,即使不能将敌机击中,在某些情况下也可能将敌机吓跑

C.架设高射炮的费用是一笔不小的投入,而且在战争结束后,为了运行的效率,还要再花费资金将高射炮拆除

D.一般来说,上述商船用于高射炮的费用,只占整个商船的总价值的极少部分

35.在一次流感大流行中,研究人员到农场去探视,发现很多农民感染了流感。但有一家每个人都很健康,这家的女主人说在家里的每个房间都放了一颗没有剥皮的洋葱。研究人员观察后在洋葱上发现了流感病毒,因此得出结论,洋葱吸收了病菌,使这家人保持了健康。但也有专家认为,虽然洋葱是一种不错的蔬菜,但防流感的重任不能交给洋葱。

以下哪项如果为真,最能支持该专家的观点( )

A.另有研究表明,大蒜同样具有预防流感的功效

B.流感病毒在大自然中存在了亿万年都没有灭绝,反而不断变异

C.如果身体健康、注意卫生,在空气新鲜且病原微生物密度极低的环境中,人感染流感的几率就小

D.这家人在流感流行期间每天都吃大量的新鲜蔬菜和水果

36.考古学家对安第斯地区出土的900年到2800年前的人类骨骼进行了研究。从中提取出的某些化学同位素成分,反映出那里的人当时多以玉米为食。“玉米文化”带动了安第斯地区的人口增长,当时爆发的几次大规模战争也与争夺稀缺的适种玉米的土壤有关,战争导致了社会体系不断变革和发展。因此他们得出结论“农业推动了古代安第斯社会的发展”。

以下哪项如果为真,最能质疑上述结论( )

A.安第斯地区的印加文明早在2800年前就经历了几次较大的社会变革

B.安第斯地区3600年前的人类以沿海打鱼为主,直到2800年左右才逐渐向内陆迁徙

C.从人类骨骼中提取的另一些化学同位素反映了人们当时也食用马铃薯和豆类

D.安第斯地区的社会体系拥有中央政府和地方政府,后又衍生出多种社会形态

37.所有来自中国的留学生,都住在校园内;所有住在校园内的学生,都必须参加运动会;有些中国留学生加入了学生会;有些心理专业的学生也加入了学生会;所有心理学专业的学生都没有参加运动会。

由此不能推出以下哪项结论( )

A.所有中国留学生都参加了运动会

B.没有一个心理学专业的学生住在校园内

C.有些中国留学生是学心理学专业的

D.有些学生会成员没有参加运动会

38.通常情况下,人体内的瘦素和胰岛素能帮人管住嘴巴,一旦吃饱就会发出信号传至大脑,告知人们停止进食。而垃圾食品中含有过量的饱和脂肪,饱和脂肪分子会屏蔽这些停止进食的信号。

由此可以得出( )

A.整体均衡饮食,保持营养全面是维护健康的最关键因素

B.垃圾食品不仅会导致肥胖,还会诱发其他疾病

C.垃圾食品中含有的饱和脂肪大大超过其他食品

D.吃饱的信号传至大脑可避免饮食过度

根据下面的表格回答39-43题。

中国总人口、劳动年龄人口、老年人口及抚养系数变动趋势

年份 总人口
(万人)
劳动年龄人口
15~59岁(万人)
劳动年龄人口比重(%) 老年人口(60岁及以上)比例(%) 抚养比
(%)
年龄中
位数(岁)
2005 133401 88493 66.34 7.53 50.75 32.35
2010 138619 91764 66.20 8.06 51.06 34.06
2015 143781 93321 64.91 9.24 54.07 35.14
2020 148255 94623 63.82 11.33 56.68 36.31
2030 154450 90790 58.78 15.19 70.12 39.39
2040 157150 89316 56.84 19.88 75.95 41.03
2050 156933 86459 55.09 20.34 81.51 41.37
2060 154731 84748 54.77 21.52 82.58 41.89
2070 153485 83705 54.54 22.15 83.36 42.26
2080 151785 81776 53.88 22.68 85.61 42.44
2090 150551 80671 53.58 23.48 86.62 42.93
2100 149497 79297 53.04 23.89    

39.2010年我国60岁以上老年人口的数量约为( )万人。

A.91764

B.11173

C.35681

D.66200

40.根据预测,15岁以下人口占总人口比例最少的年份是( )。

A.2005

B.2010

C.2030

D.2090

41.2050年我国劳动力人口数量与老年人口数量的比值为( )万人。

A.1.2

B.1.8

C.2.7

D.4.9

42.下列各项中,正确的一项是( )。

A.到2040年,平均每1.5个劳动人口就需要抚养一位老人

B.我国老年人口的平均年龄在逐年递增

C.随着社会老龄化的发展,我国劳动力人口数量逐年下降

D.21世纪最初的十年,是我国劳动力人口比重最大的十年

43.下列各项中,不正确的一项是( )。

A.21世纪最后十年,我国人口总数有所回落

B.2100年我国老年人口数量比2090年有所下降

C.在21世纪里,我国劳动人口的抚养负担持续增加

D.21世纪,我国15岁以下人口数量曲线呈倒U型

根据下面的表格回答44-48题。

2016年首季,在国家继续扩大消费需求的宏观政策主导下,山东省消费品市场承接上年良好的发展势头,继续保持快速增长势头,全省实现社会消费品零售总额2023.9亿元,比上年同期增长16.8%。零售额总量和增速均创近十年来同期新高。在全国各省排名中,总量低于广东576.8亿元,高于江苏 62.4亿元,居全国第二;增幅高出全国平均水平1.9个百分点,居全国第五。分月度看,1月份实现零售额730.7亿元,增长14.7% ; 2月份实现零售额669.2亿元,增长19.3%;3月份实现零售额623.9亿元,增长16.5%。

一季度,在元旦、春节、元宵节等各种节假日的影响下,消费市场总体活跃,在去年高基数的基础上,再度增长16.8%。从月度数据来看,节假日因素影响显着。一、二月份由于春节错月影响(去年春节在1月,今年在2月),月度之间增幅波动较大,1月份为14.7%,2月份达19.3% ;三月份市场趋于平稳,但由于物价上涨因素影响,增幅仍较高,为16.5%。

随着城市化进程的不断推进和居民消费结构的稳步升级,城市消费品市场充满活力。一季度,山东省城市市场实现社会消费品零售额1 520.0亿元,增长17.5%,增幅同比提高1.4个百分点,对全省社会消费品零售总额增长的贡献率达78.1%。随着新农村建设的扎实推进,山东省农村居民收人稳步提高,农村消费环境不断改善,农村市场发展步伐加快。一季度实现零售额503.9亿元,增长14.5%,增幅同比提高0.6个百分点。

现代经营方式和新型零售业态的快速推广带动了山东省批发和零售业的强劲发展,一季度在节日因素的影响下,批发和零售业更加生气勃勃。实现社会消费品零售额1715.5亿元,增长16.8%,对全社会消费品零售总额增长的贡献率达84.9%。住宿和餐饮业随着人们生活水平的提高和消费观念的转变,市场需求逐步走高,行业规模和经营领域随之扩大,成为消费市场中增长幅度最高、发展速度最快的行业。一季度实现社会消费品零售额251.6亿元,增长幅度高于全省零售总额增幅2.7个百分点。

一季度,山东省限额以上企业抢抓节日商机,积极迎合人们消费需求,零售规模得到进一步提高。实现社会消费品零售额610.4亿元,增长33.7%,高于限额以下企业22.8个百分点,对全社会消费品零售总额增长的贡献率达53.0%,拉动零售总额增长8.9个百分点。与去年同期相比,对零售总额增长的拉动提高3.9个百分点,贡献率提高20.6个百分点。其中,限额以上批发和零售业实现零售额571.7亿元,增长34.5%:限额以上住宿和餐饮业实现零售额38.7亿元,增长23.0%。

44.2016年首季度山东省农村消费品市场实现零售额增长( )万人。

A.63.8亿元

B.13.9%

C.0.6个百分点

D.503.9亿元

45.2016年一季度山东省住宿和餐饮业实现社会消费品零售额251.6亿元,同比增长( )。

A.2.7%

B.84.9%

C.19.5%

D.14.5%

46.2016年一季度山东省以下类型中零售额同比增长最低的为)。

A.限额以上批发和零售业

B.城市市场

C.限额以下企业

D.农村消费品市场

47.2016年一季度山东省城市消费品市场零售额增长拉动全省零售总额增长( )。

A.16.8%

B.14.5%

C.13.1%

D.89%

48.下列各项中,不正确的一项是( )。

A.2015年一季度限额以上企业实现社会零售额456.5亿元

B.2015年一季度山东省城市市场社会消费品零售额同比增长约300亿元

C.2015年一季度山东省城市市场社会消费品零售额同比增幅为16.1%

D.批发和零售业是拉动限额以上企业增长的主力

根据下面的表格回答49-53题。

某市2014年全年实现农业增加值124.3亿元,比上年下降1.6%.粮食播种面积22.3万公顷,比上年减少0.3万公顷;粮食产量115.7万吨,比上年下降7.3%。

全市农业观光园1303个,比上年增加9个;观光园总收入17.8亿元,比上年增长16.7%,民俗旅游实际经营户7979户,比上年减少 726户;民俗旅游总收入7.3亿元,增长20.7%.种业收入14.6亿元,比上年增长13.5%.设施农业总面积18323公顷,比上年下降 2.3%;实现收入40.7亿元,增长20.1%。

2014年主要农副产品产量
指标 产量(万吨) 比上年增长(%)
粮食 115.7 -7.3
蔬菜 303.0 -4.5
肉类 46.3 -2.0
禽蛋 15.1 -1.7
水产品 6.3 9.0
牛奶 64.1 -4.9
干鲜果品 85.4 -5.5

49.该市2013年全年实现农业增加值约( )。

A.124亿元

B.126亿元

C.129亿元

D.132亿元

50.该市2014年粮食平均产量约为每公顷( )。

A.4.6吨

B.5.2吨

C.5.8吨

D.6.5吨

51.该市主要农副产品与上年相比,产量变化绝对值最小的是( )。

A.肉类

B.禽蛋

C.水产品

D.牛奶

52.该市种业收入増长速度( )。

A.高于观光园总收入增长速度

B.高于设施农业收入增长速度

C.低于民俗旅游总收入增长速度

D.低于设施农业占地面积增长速度

53.以下说法与资料相符的是( )。

A.2014年该市粮食产量不到蔬菜产量的1/3

B.2014年该市主要农副产品产量均有所下降

C.2013年该观光园数量为1312个

D.2014年该市单位面积粮食产量比上年有所下降

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